Collieries and Coal Breakers

Coal Breaker Postcard Gallery

Partial List of Name Anthracite Coal Breakers and Collieries 

 

Coal Breaker Painting thumbAs anthracite mining got underway it was realized that coal did not come out of a mine in uniformly sized and clean pieces.  As it was blasted loose from veins deep underground, the coal fell in all sizes mixed with rock, slate, dirt and a myriad of other impurities.  Before it could be sold in any form for commercial success the coal had to be washed if possible and then sized and separated from its accompanying impurities.

The answer lay in coal breakers which were essentially coal preparation plants housed in buildings on site often as close to the mine opening as possible for economy and ease of operation.  Over the next 150 years coal breakers numbering in the hundreds spread throughout the anthracite region.  Some had colorful local names; others were simply numbered.  However identified the coal breaker was essential to the operation of the mine.  Often dominating the landscape around the various coal patch towns, they were what I like to refer to as MONUMENTS TO KING COAL.

The terms colliery and coal breaker are often used inter-changeably and often imply that they are one in the same.  A colliery in reality is where the coal is dug and can often refer to the mine itself and its associated property.   A coal breaker is the coal preparation plant.  Thus said, it should be noted that all collieries did not have coal breakers, but all coal breakers were associated with one or more collieries.

Not every single mine opening had its own breaker and not all breakers had washeries to clean the coal.  Coal was brought from the mine in jimmies and then dumped at the top of the breaker onto screens with varying hole sizes that separated the coal from some of the dirt.  Crushers were then used to break up the coal to fall through the holes in the screen to chutes below that carried the coal into the heart of the breaker.  Here pre-teen boys sat hunched over the chutes.  The breaker boys, as they were called, had the unenviable job of trying to pick slate and other impurities out of the passing coal moving below their legs.  The dust was almost unbearable with little more than handkerchiefs or rags tied over the nose to permit breathing.  While the coal rumbled and shook and the dust and dirt rose about the breaker boys, foremen with clubs or straps were close at hand and not shy in hastily applying a sharp rap or slash to the backside or to the head for perceived slacking off or inattention to the task as hand.

Injuries to breaker boys were commonplace as fingers and hands were often maimed by the sharp edges of the jagged slate mixed with the coal.  In fact, it was said that breaker boys could often easily be identified by checking scarred and mutilated hands that were minus one or more fingers. 

Coupled with the dirt and discipline was the constant noise of moving machinery and tumbling coal.  Additionally the breakers were poorly ventilated.  The summer time heat was often next to unbearable while winter brought bone chilling cold.  No wonder if any boy survived a few years of this menial torture that promotion to mule driver or nipper in the mines was viewed with relief and salvation.

Culm Refuse PileOnce the coal was cleaned and sized as best as possible, the remaining dirt, slate and other impurities were dumped outside the breaker in a large refuse pile known as the culm bank.  Often these culm banks in time grew in size to dwarf the adjacent coal breaker.  The breaker process was far from perfect with much coal crushed beyond practical use.  This considerable coal waste often headed to the culm bank with the rock, slate and other impurities. In later years, with the cleaning and sizing process still not perfected, this small sized coal waste was now called by additional grading names such as pea, rice or buckwheat.  Coal companies expended considerable money developing alternative markets for these undersized coals that could be moved by augers and worm-driven feeds in power plant and furnace applications.  There remains considerable coal waste to this day in existing culm banks but most often is not economically feasible for recovery beyond an isolated test for possible electrical generation.   Certainly the heyday of the anthracite industry saw coal mining families try to salvage some of this coal waste for the heating of their own coal patch houses.  While the coal contained in the culm bank was the property of the coal mining company and taking it was viewed as theft, it was difficult to prohibit or enforce staying off the culm banks and it often became a common sight to see wives and children of miners scavenging for small but useable pieces of anthracite.

Today the anthracite industry is basically gone from the landscape and few remnants of the many breakers still survive.  In the early 1900’s they were so common and so much a part of the daily life of the anthracite region that they frequently become subjects for local postcard vendors documenting the daily life of their towns.  What follows is a gallery of postcard views of breakers arranged by counties from my own collection.

 

Partial List of Name Anthracite Coal Breakers and Collieries

Following is a partial list of anthracite coal breakers and collieries by name, county and location. It will probably never be known as to exactly how many breakers and collieries existed in the coal fields throughout the entire history of the industry. My list is far from complete but is a simple start. Perhaps in time the list can be expanded to include names of operators and dates of operation.

The building of this list has been ongoing over the past few years with specific names being located in print media and on-line, in annual state mine reports, and from photograph and/or postcard collections. Misspellings were common, especially in the annual mine reports, and locations given were often a mix of specific towns, coal patches or townships. I have made my best effort to correctly identify specific names and locations and have corrected the spelling where necessary.

Since specific diggings often changed ownership or were at some point closed down or abandoned and subsequently reopened under a new name, it should also be understood in using the list that two and sometimes three names could refer to the same breaker or colliery.

The list also contains some blank entries identified by use of ????? when a county is identified but not specific location or in a handful of instances when a name surfaced that has not yet been connected to both a specific county and location.

The search has slowed but will continue as time and energies permit. Yet to be explored are special collections in libraries and historical societies as well as state agencies and institutions that may prove productive in further expanding the list.

It is my hope that this list, as incomplete as it is, will prove useful to anyone exploring the history of the Pennsylvania anthracite region or pursuing genealogy searches.

The list may be sorted by the user alphabetically by county, location or specific name.

CountyLocationBreaker
NorthumberlandLocust GapA.S. Wolf
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelAlaska No. 1
SchuylkillTamaquaAlaska No. 2
SchuykillKaskaAlliance
Northumberland??????Alpha
SchuylkillFrackvilleAlto Mount
SchuylkillThomastonAnchor
LackawannaMoosicArchbald
LuzerneNanticokeAuchincloss
SchuylkillAudenriedAudenried
SchuylkillMcAdooAudenried No. 4
LuzerneDuryeaBabylon
LackawannaTaylorBaker
SchuylkillSilver CreekBaltimore
LuzerneWilkes-BarreBaltimore No. 5
SchuylkillAshland (Near)Bancroft
SchuylkillMcNealBarry
SchuylkillGirardvilleBast
SchuylkillPlanes (Frackville)Bear Ridge
SchuylkillGilbertonBear Run
NorthumberlandShamokinBear Valley
LuzernePittstonBeaver
LuzerneFrenchtownBeaver Brook
CarbonBeaver MeadowsBeaver Meadows
LuzernePittstonBeaver Meadows
SchuylkillMahanoy CityBeaver Run
SchuylkillMount LaffeeBeechwood
Lackawanna??????Bel Air
LackawannaScrantonBellevue
Columbia??????Bellmore
Lackawanna??????Belmont
NorthumberlandHelfenstine (Doutyville)Ben Franklin
DauphinWilliamstownBig Lick
SchuylkillBig Mine RunBig Mine Run
NorthumberlandShamokinBig Mountain
SchuylkillShamokin (Near)Big Mountain
NorthumberlandShamokinBig Mt.
DauphinGratztownBig Run Gap
DauphinRausch GapBill's
LuzerneWilkes-BarreBlack Diamond
NorthumberlandMt. Carmel (Atlas)Black Diamond
SchuylkillMinersvilleBlack Heath
SchuylkillLlewellynBlack Mine
LuzerneConynghamBlack Ridge
Schuylkill??????Black Valley
SchuylkillTremontBlackwood
LuzerneHanover TownshipBliss
LackawannaPeckvilleBlue Ridge
Lackawanna??????Bolands
LuzerneLarksvilleBoston
SchuylkillGilbertonBoston Run
SchuylkillMahanoy CityBowman's
NorthumberlandShamokinBrady
LackawannaCarbondaleBreaker Tunnel
LackawannaHyde ParkBriggs
LackawannaScrantonBrisbin
DauphinBrooksideBrookside
SchuylkillBrockvilleBrookville
LuzernePleasant Valley (Avoca)Browns
SchuylkillHeckschervilleBrowns
Columbia??????Bryson's Drift
Carbon??????Buck Mountain
SchuylkillMahanoy CityBuck Mt.
NorthumberlandShamokinBuck Ridge
SchuylkillRhoersvilleBuck Run
SchuylkillTamaquaBuckville
SchuylkillTamaquaBull Run
LackawannaDunmoreBunker Hill
CarbonSummit HillBurning Mine
SchuylkillShamokinBurnside
LuzernePittston TownshipButler
LuzernePlymouthButtonwood
SchuylkillMahanoy CityCake's
NorthumberlandAtlasCaledonia
SchuylkillAshlandCambria
SchuylkillAshlandCambrian
NorthumberlandShamokin (Locust Gap)Cameron
LackawannaScrantonCapouse
LackawannaOld ForgeCarbon Hill
NorthumberlandShamokinCarbon Run
LackawannaDunmoreCarney & Brown
Northumberland??????Carson
LackawannaScrantonCayuga
LackawannaHyde ParkCentral
LuzerneAvocaCentral
DauphinYellow SpringsCentral Vein
ColumbiaCentraliaCentralia
SchuylkillMinersvilleChandler
LuzernePlymouth TownshipChauncey
LackawannaCarbondaleChestnut Hill
LuzerneWest PittstonClear Spring
LuzerneAvocaClifford
SusquehannaForest CityClifford
Northumberland??????Clinton
LackawannaCarbondaleCoal Brook
SchuylkillNew CastleCoal Hill
NorthumberlandShamokinCoal Mountain
ColumbiaMontanaCoal Ridge
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelCoal Ridge
Northumberland??????Coal Ridge No. 2
CarbonSummit HillCoaldale
SchuylkillCoaldaleCoaldale No. 8
SchuylkillMahanoy CityCole
CarbonJunedaleColeraine
Luzerne??????Coleraine
SchuylkillDonaldsonColket
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelCollege
NorthumberlandNatalieColonial
SchuylkillGirardvilleColorado
LuzernePittston TownshipColumbia
SchuylkillNew PhiladelphiaCommercial
SullivanBerniceConnell
SchuylkillGirardvilleConnor
Columbia??????Continental
LackawannaMoosicContinental
Northumberland??????Continental
????????????Continental No. 5
LuzerneWilkes-BarreConyngham
CarbonJunedaleCoolstown
SchuylkillMahanoy CityCopley
Northumberland??????Corbin
LackawannaMoosicCorey Breaker No. 4
LackawannaMoosicCorey Breaker No. 8
LackawannaMoosicCorey Breaker No. 10
LackawannaHyde ParkCork & Bottle
LuzerneHazletonCranberry
LuzerneDriftonCross Creek No. 1
LuzerneDriftonCross Creek No. 2
SchuylkillNew CastleCrystal
Luzerne??????Crystal Ridge
SchuylkillFrackvilleCrystal Run
Schuylkill??????Cumbola Collieries
SchuylkillRaven RunCuyler
LackawannaCarbondaleD&H
LuzernePlymouthD&H No. 1
LuzernePlymouthD&H No. 2
LuzernePlymouthD&H No. 3
LuzernePlymouthD&H No. 4
LuzernePlymouthD&H No. 5
Northumberland??????Daniel Webster No. 2
DauphinRausch GapDan's
Schuylkill??????Dark Corner
SchuylkillShenandoahDavis
LuzernePlainsDelaware
SchuylkillPottsvilleDelaware East
SchuylkillPottsvilleDelaware Shafts
LuzerneDerringerDerringer
LackawannaScrantonDiamond
SchuylkillForestvilleDiamond
LackawannaScrantonDiamond No. 2
SchuylkillEagle HillDiamond No. 2
LackawannaDickson CityDickson
LackawannaScrantonDickson
LackawannaBlakelyDip Mines
LackawannaMoosicDodge
LuzernePlymouthDodson No. 12
LackawannaLaflinDolphs
LuzerneWilkes-BarreDorrance
SchuylkillGilbertonDraper
LuzerneDriftonDrifton No. 2
SchuylkillPottsvilleDuncan
LackawannaPCC No. 1Dunmore
LackawannaOld ForgeDunn
SchuylkillSt. ClairEagle
SchuylkillNew PhiladelphiaEagle Hill
SchuylkillSt. ClairEagle Hill
LuzernePittstonEagle Shaft
SchuylkillMahanoy PlaneEast Bear Ridge
LuzerneKingstonEast Boston
SchuylkillTower CityEast Brookside
SchuylkillDonaldsonEast Fanklin
SchuylkillMahanoy CityEast Lehigh
SchuylkillTamaquaEast Lehigh
SchuylkillMahanoy CityEast Mahanoy
SchuylkillRaven RunEast Mammoth
SchuylkillSt. ClairEast Pine Knot
LuzerneEast SugarloafEast Sugarloaf No. 2
LackawannaBlakely TwnpEaton
LuzerneEbervaleEbervale
LuzerneEckleyEckley
LackawannaOlyphantEddy Creek
LackawannaMayfieldEdgerton
LackawannaFell TownshipElk Creek
LackawannaBlakelyElk Hill
SchuylkillEagle HillEllengowen
SchuylkillNew CastleEllsworth
SchuylkillMahanoy CityElmwood
NorthumberlandShamokinEmory
????????????Empire
LuzerneWilkes-Barre TownshipEmpire No. 4
LuzerneWilkes-Barre TownshipEmpire No. 5
LuzernePlainsEnterprise
NorthumberlandShamokinEnterprise
LackawannaCarbondaleErie
NorthumberlandDonaldsonEureka (Star)
CarbonColeraineEvans
LuzerneJenkins TownshipEverhart
LuzernePittstonEwen
LuzerneWest PittstonExeter
LackawannaScrantonFair Lawn
Northumberland??????Ferndale
LackawannaBlakely TwnpFiler
LackawannaDunmoreFinnerty's Tunnel
SchuylkillMahanoy CityFisk's
SchuylkillMahanoy CityFocht & Whittaker
SchuylkillMahanoy CityFocht's
SchuylkillGirardvilleFolkston
SusquehannaForest CityForest City
SchuylkillMinersvilleForestville
LuzerneSwoyersvilleForty Fort
DauphinRausch GapFour
SchuylkillYatesvilleFowler
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelFrank Gowen
LuzerneWilkes-BarreFranklin
Northumberland??????Franklin
SchuylkillGilbertonFurnace
Northumberland??????Gap
Northumberland??????Garfield
LuzerneDuryeaGavern
LuzernePlymouthGaylord
NorthumberlandShamokinGeorge Fales
SchuylkillGilbertonGilbert
SchuylkillGilbertonGilberton
SchuylkillGirardvilleGirard
SchuylkillRaven RunGirard Mammoth
SchuylkillGirardvilleGirardville
SchuylkillGlen CarbonGlen Carbon
SchuylkillMahanoy CityGlendon
SchuylkillGlen CarbonGlendower
SchuylkillEagle HillGlentworth
LackawannaMayfieldGlenwood
Schuylkill??????Good Spring
SchuylkillMahanoy CityGrant
LackawannaBlakely TownshipGrassy Island
LackawannaArchbaldGravity Slope
DauphinRausch GapGray
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelGreen Mountain
LackawannaDunmoreGreen Ridge
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelGreen Ridge
NorthumberlandShamokinGreenback
LackawannaMoosicGreenwood
LuzerneHazletonGreenwood
SchuylkillTamaquaGreenwood No. 1
SchuylkillTamaquaGreenwood No. 2
SchuylkillSt. ClairGuinea Hill
LackawannaDunmoreGypsy Grove (Gipsey)
LuzerneDuryeaHalstead
SchuylkillGirardvilleHammond
LackawannaMoosicHampton
LackawannaScrantonHampton
LuzerneHarleighHarleigh
LuzerneSwoyersvilleHarry E.
SchuylkillMahanoy CityHartford
Luzerne??????Hazel Brook
ColumbiaCentraliaHazel Dell
LuzerneHazletonHazle
LuzerneHazletonHazleton Shaft
SchuylkillThomastonHeckscherville
LuzerneAvocaHeidleberg No. 1
LuzernePittstonHeidleberg No. 2
DauphinRausch GapHeister
NorthumberlandHelfensteinHelfenstein
LuzernePlainsvilleHenry
NorthumberlandShamokinHenry Clay
SchuylkillSt. ClairHerbine
SchuylkillMiddleportHiawatha
SchuylkillSt. ClairHickory
NorthumberlandShamokinHickory Ridge
SchuylkillWadesvilleHickory Shaft
NorthumberlandShamokinHickory Swamp
Luzerne??????Highland No. 5
SchuylkillMahanoy CityHill's
LuzernePleasant Valley (Avoca)Hillside
LuzernePlymouthHillside
SchuylkillMahanoy CityHillside
SchuylkillMahanoy CityHoffman
LackawannaTaylorHolden
LuzerneWilkes-BarreHollenbach No. 2
LuzerneHollywoodHollywood
SchuylkillNew PottsvilleHoney Brook
SchuylkillAudenriedHoney Brook No. 1
SchuylkillAudenriedHoney Brook No. 2
SchuylkillAudenriedHoney Brook No. 4
SchuylkillAudenriedHoney Brook No. 5
LackawannaCarbondaleHoran
LuzernePort BlanchardHoyt
LuzerneAshleyHuber
LuzerneHumboldtHumboldt
ColumbiaMill GroveHutchinson
LackawannaScrantonHyde Park
SchuylkillShenandoahIndian Ridge Washery
Schuylkill??????Indian Run
SchuylkillSt. ClairJackson Drift
LuzerneDriftonJeddo No. 3
LuzerneDriftonJeddo No. 4
LuzerneDriftonJeddo No. 7
LackawannaFell TownshipJefferson
LackawannaRendhamJermyn No. 1
LackawannaJermynJermyn No. 3
LackawannaJermynJermyn No. 4
LackawannaJermynJermyn No. 5
LackawannaGreen RidgeJermyn Shaft
LackawannaGibsonburgJermyn's Slope
LuzernePlymouth (near)Jersey No.8
LackawannaSunnysideJessup
LackawannaScrantonJohnson
SchuylkillMinersvilleJoseph Taylor
LackawannaWinton Jct.Judge
CarbonJunedaleJunedale
SchuylkillMiddle CreekKalmia
SchuylkillMiddleportKaska William
Luzerne??????Katydid
SchuylkillMine Hill GapKear
????????????Kear No. 2
SchuylkillShenandoahKeeley Run
SchuylkillTuscaroraKentucky
ColumbiaLocust DaleKeystone
LuzernePittstonKeystone
SchuylkillAshlandKeystone
NorthumberlandLocust GapKimble
LuzerneEdwardsvilleKingston No. 1
LuzernePlymouthKingston No. 2
LuzernePlymouthKingston No. 3
LuzerneEdwardsvilleKingston No. 4
SchuylkillYatesvilleKnickerbocker
SchuylkillShenandoahKoh-i-moor
DauphinYellow SpringsKugler
LuzerneWilkes-BarreL&W
LackawannaCarbondaleLackawanna
LuzerneYatesvilleLaflin
NorthumberlandShamokinLambert
NorthumberlandShamokinLancaster
LuzernePlymouthLance No. 11
LuzerneAvocaLangcliffe
CarbonLansfordLansford
CarbonLansfordLansford No. 5
CarbonLansfordLansford No. 6
CarbonLansfordLansford No. 8
CarbonLansfordLansford No. 9
LuzerneLattimerLattimer No. 2
LuzerneLattimerLattimer No. 3
LuzerneLaurel HillLaurel Hill
Schuylkill??????Laurel Ridge
LuzerneLaurel RunLaurel Run
SchuylkillGilbertonLawrence
Luzerne??????Lee
LackawannaNorth ScrantonLeggett's Creek
SchuylkillGirardvilleLehigh No. 3
SchuylkillShenandoah (Near)Lehigh No. 4
SchuylkillCoaldaleLehigh No. 8
SchuylkillCoaldaleLehigh No. 10
SchuylkillCoaldaleLehigh No. 11
CarbonLansfordLehigh No. 4
ColumbiaCentraliaLehigh Valley
LuzerneWilkes-BarreLehigh Valley
CarbonJunedaleLeviston
SchuylkillMinersvilleLewis Tract
ColumbiaCentraliaLilly
SchuylkillPine GroveLincoln
SchuylkillRausch CreekLincoln
NorthumberlandLocust GapLocust Gap
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelLocust Mountain
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelLocust Ridge
NorthumberlandShamokinLocust Spring
NorthumberlandLocust GapLocust Summit
SchuylkillLocustdaleLocustdale
ColumbiaCentraliaLogan
LuzerneNanticokeLoomis
SchuylkillLorberryLorberry
LuzerneLarksvilleLoree No. 5
LuzernePlymouthLoree No. 5
SchuylkillLost CreekLost Creek
LuzerneLuzerneLouise
Northumberland??????Lower Gap
SchuylkillRausch CreekLower Rausch Creek
NorthumberlandShamokinLuke Fidler
DauphinLykensLykens
SchuylkillForestvilleLytle
Schuylkill??????Madeira Hill
SchuylkillMahanoy CityMahanoy City
Luzerne??????Malstead
LuzerneSwoyersvilleMaltby
SchuylkillMahanoy CityMalvern
SchuylkillMinersvilleMammoth
SchuylkillNew CastleMammoth Vein
SchuylkillWadesvilleManchester
LackawannaScrantonManville
SchuylkillEllengowanMaple Dale
SchuylkillShenandoahMaple Hill
NorthumberlandShamokinMargie Franklin
NorthumberlandShamokinMariam
LackawannaScrantonMarion
NorthumberlandShamokinMarshall
LackawannaOlyphantMarshwood
LackawannaScrantonMarvine
LackawannaScrantonMarvin's
SchuylkillMary DMary D
LuzerneAshleyMaxwell No. 20
Schuylkill??????Mays
SchuylkillSt. ClairMcGinnis'
SchuylkillSt. ClairMcGinnis'
SchuylkillGirardvilleMcTurk
LackawannaScrantonMeadow Brook
NorthumberlandMt. Carmel (Near)Merriam
SchuylkillMiddle CreekMiddle Creek
SchuylkillMiddleportMiddle Creek Shaft
SchuylkillMahanoy CityMiddle Lehigh
SchuylkillMiddleportMiddleport
LackawannaFell TownshipMidland Tunnel
LuzernePlainsvilleMidvale
Columbia??????Midvalley No. 1
Columbia??????Midvalley No. 2
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelMidvalley No. 2
LuzerneLuzerneMill Hollow
LackawannaFell TownshipMill Ridge
LuzerneMilnesvilleMilnesville
SchuylkillNew CastleMine Hill
SchuylkillMinersvilleMine Hill Gap
LuzerneParsonsMineral Spring
SchuylkillLocustdaleMiriam
LuzerneMocanaquaMocanaqua
SchuylkillWadesvilleMonitor
NorthumberlandLocust GapMonitor No. 2
SchuylkillMoreaMorea
NorthumberlandShamokinMoreton
Lackawanna??????Morgan
Columbia??????Morris Ridge
Northumberland??????Morton
SchuylkillSt. ClairMount Hope
LackawannaPeckvilleMount Jessup
Schuylkill??????Mount Laffee
LuzerneWyomingMount Lookout
LuzerneMount PleasantMount Pleasant
Schuylkill??????Mt. Carmel
LackawannaScrantonMt. Pleasant
SullivanLopezMurray
LackawannaDunmoreMurray's
SchuylkillMahanoy CityMyers
LuzerneNanticokeNanticoke No. 1
LuzerneNanticokeNanticoke No. 5
LuzerneNanticokeNanticoke No. 7
NorthumberlandNatalieNatalie
LackawannaScrantonNational
lackawannaDunmoreNay Aug
LackawannaCarbondaleNealon & Gilmartin
NorthumberlandShamokinNeilson
CarbonNesquehoningNesquehoning
SchuylkillNew BostonNew Boston
????????????New Castle
Schuylkill??????New Locust Gap
SchuylkillNew PhiladelphiaNew Philadelphia
SchuylkillTamaqua (Near)Newark Tunnel
Schuylkill??????Newkirk
NorthumberlandShamokinNielson
LuzernePittstonNo. 1 Slope and Tunnel
LuzerneJenkins TownshipNo. 2
LuzernePittstonNo. 4 Shaft
LuzerneJenkins TownshipNo. 4 Slope
LuzerneJenkins TownshipNo. 5 Shaft
LuzerneJenkins TownshipNo. 6 Shaft
LuzernePittston TownshipNo. 6 Slope
LuzerneJenkins TownshipNo. 7 Shaft
SchuylkillTamaquaNo. 8
LuzernePittston TownshipNo. 8 Shaft
LuzernePittstonNo. 9 Shaft
CarbonNesquehoningNo. 1
LackawannaBlakely TwnpNo. 1
SchuylkillTamaquaNo. 10
LuzernePittston TownshipNo. 10 Shaft
LuzerneJenkins TownshipNo. 11 Shaft
LuzerneWanamieNo. 18
LuzerneWanamieNo. 19
DauphinWilliamstownNo. 2
LackawannaDunmoreNo. 2 Shaft/Slope
LuzerneAshleyNo. 20
LackawannaCarbondaleNo. 3 Shaft
SchuylkillShenandoahNo. 4 Packers
SchuylkillGowenNo. 4 Slope
LuzerneHazletonNo. 40
SchuylkillGirardvilleNo. 5
SchuylkillMcAdooNo. 5
LackawannaDunmoreNo. 6 1/2 Breaker
SchuylkillPottsvilleNorth America
SchuylkillBucks PatchNorth Ashland
NorthumberlandTrevortonNorth Franklin
????????????North Franklin No. 2
SchuylkillGilbertonNorth Gilberton
SchuylkillGilbertonNorth Laurel Ridge
SchuylkillMahanoy CityNorth Mahanoy
SchuylkillMahanoy CityNorth Star
DauphinGratztownNorthside
Schuylkill??????Norwegian
LuzernePlymouthNottingham
LackawannaOld ForgeOak Hill
SchuylkillHeckschervilleOak Hill
SchuylkillMahanoy CityOak Hollow
LuzerneJapanOakdale
SchuylkillGlen CarbonOakdale
SchuylkillGlen CarbonOakdale Shaft
LackawannaAustinOld Forge
LackawannaOld ForgeOld Forge
LackawannaOlyphantOlyphant
LackawannaPeckvilleOntario
SchuylkillBranchdaleOtto
LackawannaScrantonOxford
SchuylkillSchuylkill HavenP & R
SchuylkillSt. ClairP & R
SchuylkillMinersvillePacker No. 1
Schuylkill??????Packer No. 2
SchuylkillShenandoahPacker No. 4
SchuylkillNew PhiladelphiaPalmer No. 1
SchuylkillCambolaPalmer Vein
LackawannaThroopPancoast
LuzernePlymouthParish
LackawannaScrantonPark
SchuylkillShenandoahPark No. 1
SchuylkillShenandoahPark No. 2
SchuylkillMahanoy CityPark Place
SchuylkillTuscaroraPeach Mountain
LuzerneWilkes-BarrePeach Orchard
SchuylkillNew CastlePeach Orchard
SchuylkillSt. ClairPeach Orchard
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelPeerless
LuzernePittstonPenn Coal No. 14
NorthumberlandShamokinPennsylvania
DauphinRattling RunPerseverence
LuzerneKingstonPettebone No. 6
LuzerneDuryea (Marcy Township)Phoenix
SchuylkillPhoenix ParkPhoenix No. 1
SchuylkillPhoenix ParkPhoenix No. 2
SchuylkillPhoenix ParkPhoenix Park No. 2
SchuylkillPhoenix ParkPhoenix Park No. 3
LackawannaArchbaldPierce
LackawannaScrantonPine Brook
SchuylkillSt. ClairPine Forest
SchuylkillMinersvillePine Hill
SchuylkillHeckschervillePine Knot Shaft
LuzerneParsonsPine Ridge
SchuylkillAshlandPioneer
DauphinRausch GapPitch Shaft
LuzernePittstonPittston No. 14
SchuylkillShenandoahPlank Ridge
Schuylkill??????Plank Run
LuzernePlymouthPlymouth No. 3
Lackawanna??????Pompey
LuzernePlainsvillePool's
LuzerneJenkins TownshipPort Griffiths
SchuylkillLocustdalePotts
SchuylkillPottsvillePottsville
SchuylkillPottsvillePottsville Gap
LackawannaCarbondalePowderly
SchuylkillGirardvillePreston No. 1
SchuylkillGirardvillePreston No. 2
SchuylkillGirardvillePreston No. 3
SchuylkillGirardvillePreston No. 4
LackawannaHyde ParkPrice
LackawannaThroopPrice Pancoast
SchuylkillMinersvillePrimrose
LuzernePlainsProspect
LackawannaMoosicPyne
LackawannaCarbondaleRacket Brook Washery
LackawannaCarbondaleRackett's Breaker
SchuylkillPort CarbonRandolph
SchuylkillRausch CreekRausch Creek
SchuylkillRaven RunRaven Run
SchuylkillReevesdaleRavendale
LackawannaArchbaldRaymond
SchuylkillMinersvilleReading
SchuylkillReevesdaleReevesdale
DauphinRattling RunReliance
NorthumberlandShamokinReliance
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelReno
Luzerne??????Reynolds
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelRichards
SchuylkillGlen CarbonRichardson
LackawannaScrantonRichmond
LackawannaRichmondale (Fell Twnp)Richmondale
LackawannaScrantonRiverside
LackawannaDunmoreRoaring Brook
SchuylkillMahanoy CityRobinson's
LuzernePittstonRock Hill
SchuylkillRohersvilleRohersville
LackawannaScrantonRolling Mill
LuzernePittston TownshipRough & Ready
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelRough & Ready
NorthumberlandShamokinRoyal Oak
SchuylkillSt. ClairSaint Clair Coal Co.
SchuylkillPort CarbonSalem
LuzerneSandy RunSandy Run
LackawannaDunmoreSawyer's Tunnel
NorthumberlandMt. CarmelSayre
LuzerneWest PittstonSchooley
SchuylkillMahanoy CitySchuylkill
NorthumberlandKulpmontScott
LuzernePittstonSeneca
DauphinRausch GapSeven
SchuylkillTamaquaShaft No. 1
NorthumberlandShamokinShamokin
SchuylkillPottsvilleSharp Mountain
SchuylkillShenandoahShenandoah
SchuylkillShenandoahShenandoah City
SchuylkillTrentonShoemaker's
DauphinWilliamstownShort Mountain
LackawannaOld ForgeSibley
SchuylkillMahanoy CitySilliman
SchuylkillBlythe TownshipSilver Creek
LuzerneJeansvilleSilverbrook
SchuylkillLlewellynSilverton
LackawannaSimpsonSimpson
LackawannaMoosicSloan
DauphinRausch GapSmall
LackawannaDunmoreSmith's Tunnel
LuzerneSouth SugarloafSouth Sugarloaf
LuzerneWilkes-BarreSouth Wikes-Barre
LackawannaDunmoreSpencer
SchuylkillPottsvilleSpencer
LackawannaMoosicSpring Brook
LuzerneJeansvilleSpring Mountain
SchuylkillPottsvilleSt. Clair
SchuylkillSt. ClairSt. Clair Drift
SchuylkillSt. NicholasSt. Nicholas
LackawannaScrantonSt. Patricks
LackawannaScrantonStafford Berook
SchuylkillMaizevilleStanton
LuzerneWilkes-BarreStanton No. 7
LuzerneGlen LyonStearns
SchuylkillMahanoy CitySteele's
NorthumberlandShamokin (Near)Sterling
LackawannaPeckvilleSterrick Creek
Luzerne??????Stevens
SchuylkillMt. CarmelStewartville
LuzerneHazleStockton
LackawannaDickson CityStorr's No. 1
SchuylkillMt. CarmelStuartville
SchuylkillSt. NicholasSuffolk
LuzerneAshleySugar Notch No. 9
LuzerneSugarloafSugarloaf
LuzerneWest PittstonSullivan Trail
DauphinWilliamstownSummit Branch
SchuylkillTamaquaSummit Branch
DauphinLykensSusquehanna
LuzerneNanticokeSusquehanna No. 1
LuzernePlymouthSusquehanna No. 3
LuzerneNanticokeSusquehanna No. 7
LuzerneNanticokeSusquehanna No. 9
SchuylkillSwataraSwatara
Schuylkill??????Swift Creek
SchuylkillTamaquaTamaqua
SchuylkillTamaquaTamaqua Drift
Schuylkill??????Tamaqua Shaft
SchuylkillTamaquaTamaqua Tract
LackawannaMoosicTaylor
LackawannaTaylorTaylor
SchuylkillGlen CarbonTaylorsville
Schuylkill??????The Buck Run
SchuylkillPort CarbonThe Chamberlain
SchuylkillSt. ClairThe Chamberlain
SchuylkillGirardville (Near)The Colorado
Schuylkill??????The Grand Mammoth
SchuylkillNew KirkThe Newkirk
SchuylkillAshland (Near)The Pioneer Colliery
Schuylkill??????The Shenandoah Lost Creek
SchuylkillGlen CarbonThe Taylorsville
SchuylkillShenandoahThomas
SchuylkillGlen CarbonThomaston
SchuylkillTower CityTower City
SchuylkillTremont LandsTremont Lands
SchuylkillTrentonTrenton
NorthumberlandTrevortonTrevorton
LackawannaScrantonTripp
LuzerneNanticoke (Warrior Run)Truesdale
SchuylkillAshlandTunnel
SchuylkillMahanoy CityTunnel Ridge
Schuylkill??????Turkey Run
SchuylkillTuscaroraTuscarora
LuzernePittstonTwin Shaft
LackawannaJessupUnderwood
SchuylkillBucks PatchUnion
SchuylkillBig Mine RunUnion No. 1
ColumbiaCentraliaUnion No. 2
LuzerneUpper LehighUpper Lehigh
SchuylkillBlytheValley Furnace
CarbonSummit HillValley Slope
LackawannaCarbondaleValley Tunnel
SchuylkillAshlandVaughan
NorthumberlandHickory SwampVirginia
SusquehannaForest CityVolpe
LackawannaScrantonVon Storch
SchuylkillMahanoy CityVulcan
SchuylkillMinersvilleW.C. Big Diamond
SchuylkillBucksvilleWabash
SchuylkillWadesvilleWadesville
SchuylkillNew Castle TownshipWadesworth
SchuylkillAshlandWadley
LuzerneWanamie Wanamie No. 18
LuzerneWilkes-BarreWarrior Run
LuzernePlymouthWashington
LuzerneKingstonWaterman & Beaver
LuzerneKingston Waterman No. 1
LuzerneKingstonWaterman No. 2
SchuylkillMahanoy CityWebster
SchuylkillMahanoy CityWelsh
SchuylkillMahanoy PlaneWest Bear Ridge
SchuylkillTower CityWest Brookside
LackawannaScrantonWest End
LuzerneShickshinnyWest End
SchuylkillDonaldsonWest End
SchuylkillShenandoahWest Lehigh
SchuylkillMahanoy CityWest Mahanoy
Schuylkill??????West Pine Knot
LuzerneWest PittstonWest Pittston
LackawannaScrantonWest Ridge
SchuylkillShenandoahWest Shenandoah
Luzerne??????Westmoreland
Schuylkill??????Weston
SchuylkillTremontWestwood
SchuylkillMahanoy CityWhip-Poor-Will
LackawannaBlakely TwnpWhite Oak
SchuylkillNew CastleWhite Oak
LackawannaCarbondaleWhite Ridge
SchuylkillMahanoy CityWiggans & Treibles
LackawannaOld ForgeWilliam A. Connell
SchuylkillShenandoahWilliam Penn
LackawannaFell TownshipWilliams
DauphinWilliamstownWilliamstown
DauphinRausch GapWindlas
LackawannaBlakely TwnpWinton
SchuylkillMinersvilleWolf Creek Diamond
LuzerneFreeland (Jeddo)Woodside
LuzerneEdwardsvilleWoodward
LackawannaScrantonWoodway
SchuylkillYatesvilleYatesville
SchuylkillPottsvilleYork Farm
Carbon??????Yorktown

 

Lackawanna County

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Bellevue01.jpgBellevue02.jpgBellevue03.jpgBellevue04.jpg
Brisbin01.jpgCoalBrook01.jpgCoalBrook02.jpgCoalBrook03.jpg
DH01.jpgEddyCreek01.jpgErie01.jpgGlenwood01.jpg
Glenwood02.jpgGravitySlope01.jpgGreenRidge01.jpgGreenRidge02.jpg
Hampton01.jpgHampton02.jpgHydePark01.jpgJohnson01.jpg
Johnson02.jpgKeystone01.jpgMarvine01.jpgMarvine02.jpg
Marvine03.jpgMountPleasant01.jpgMountPleasant02.jpgNo.5a.jpg
OldForge01.jpgOldForge02.jpgOntario01.jpgOxford01.jpg
Oxford02.jpgPennsylvania01.jpgPineBrook01.jpgPowderly01.jpg
RacketBrook01.jpgUnidentified01.jpgWestEnd01.jpgWestRidge01.jpg
Woodway01.jpg

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Luzerne County

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Auchincloss01.jpgBaltimoreNo5a.jpgBliss01.jpgButler01.jpg
Conyngham01.jpgCranberry01.jpgCranberry02.jpgCranberry03.jpg
Cranberry04.jpgCranberry05.jpgCranberry06.jpgCranberry07.jpg
Dorrance01.jpgDrifton01.jpgDrifton02.jpgEwen01.jpg
Ewens01.jpgExeter01.jpgHazle01.jpgHazle02.jpg
Hazle03.jpgHazle04.jpgHazle05.jpgHazle06.jpg
Hazle07.jpgHazletonShaft01.jpgHighlandNo05a.jpgHollenbackNo2a.jpg
Huber01.jpgJeddoNo.4a.jpgJeddoNo.4b.jpgLance01.jpg
LehighValley01.jpgLehighValley02.jpgLehighValleyNo.40j.jpgLehighValleyNo40a.jpg
LehighValleyNo40b.jpgLehighValleyNo40c.jpgLehighValleyNo40d.jpgLehighValleyNo40e.jpg
LehighValleyNo40f.jpgLehighValleyNo40g.jpgLehighValleyNo40h.jpgLehighValleyNo40i.jpg
Loomis01.jpgMaxwellNo20a.jpgMaxwellNo20b.jpgMaxwellNo20c.jpg
MaxwellNo20d.jpgMineralSpring01.jpgNanticokeNo5a.jpgNottingham01.jpg
Nottingham02.jpgProspect01.jpgProspect02.jpgProspect03.jpg
Prospect04.jpgProspect05.jpgProspect06.jpgProspect07.jpg
RedAsh01.jpgRedAsh02.jpgSouthWilkes-Barre01.jpgSouthWilkes-Barre02.jpg
SugarNotchNo9a.jpgSusquehannaNo7a.jpgTruesdale01.jpgTruesdale02.jpg
Truesdale03.jpgWestmoreland01.jpgWestmoreland02.jpgWoodward01.jpg

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Schuylkill County

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BearRidge01.jpgBlackwood01.jpgBostonRun01.jpgCrystalRun01.jpg
EastBrookside01.jpgGilberton01.jpgGilberton02.jpgGreenwood01.jpg
Hammond01.jpgHerbine01.jpgHerbine02.jpgHickoryRidge01.jpg
IndianRidge01.jpgKeeleyRun01.jpgKeeleyRun02.jpgKnickerbocker01.jpg
Lincoln01.jpgLocustSummit02.jpgLytle01.jpgMahanoy City01a.jpg
MahanoyPlane01.jpgMahanoyPlane02.jpgMahanoyPlane03.jpgMapleHill01.jpg
No08d.jpgNo4Slope01.jpgNo5 Girardville.jpgNo5 McAdoo.jpg
No5a.jpgNo8a.jpgNo8b.jpgNo8c.jpg
No10a.jpgNo10b.jpgNorthMahanoy01.jpgNorthMahanoy02.jpg
PackerNo4a.jpgParkPlace01.jpgPhiladelphiaReading01.jpgPhiladelphiaReading02.jpg
ShenandoahCity01.jpgShenandoahCity02.jpgSilverCreek01.jpgStNicholas01.jpg
TunnelRidge01.jpgTunnelRidge02.jpgTunnelRidge03.jpgVulcan01.jpg
WestShenandoah01.jpgWestShenandoah02.jpg

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Northumberland County

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Alaska01.jpgAlaska02.jpgAlaska03.jpgCameron01.jpg
Cameron02.jpgCameron03.jpgCameron04.jpgCameron05.jpg
Enterprise01.jpgHenryClay01.jpgLukeFidler01.jpgLukeFidler02.jpg
LukeFidler03.jpgLukeFidler04.jpgLukeFidler05.jpgNorthFranklin01.jpg
NorthFranklin02.jpgPennsylvania01.jpgPennsylvania02.jpgSayre01.jpg
Sayre02.jpgSayre03.jpgScott01.jpgStevens01.jpg

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Carbon County

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BurningMine01.jpgLansfordNo.8a.jpgLansfordNo.8b.jpgNesquehoning.jpg
No1.jpgNo8a.jpgNo8b.jpgNo8c.jpg
No10a.jpgNo10b.jpg

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Columbia County

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Centralia01.jpgLehighValley01.jpgPotts01.jpg

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Dauphin County

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Lykens01.jpgNo.2a.jpgSusquehanna01.jpg

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Susquehanna County

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Erie01.jpgForestCity01.jpg

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Sullivan County

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Connell01.jpg

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Unidentified Breaker

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Unidentified01.jpgUnidentified02.jpgUnidentified03.jpgUnidentified04.jpg
Unidentified05.jpgUnidentified06.jpgUnidentified07.jpgUnidentified08.jpg
Unidentified09.jpgUnidentified10.jpgUnidentified11.jpgUnidentified12.jpg
Unidentified13.jpgUnidentified14.jpgUnidentified15.jpg

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